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Unfortunately, in today’s America, addictive substances are all around us and surprisingly accessible, contributing to the increase of teen and young adult abuse and addiction epidemics.
But even with increasing news and social media coverage, many are unaware of some of the most commonly abused drugs. It is especially important that parents and guardians be aware of what these are, along with their symptoms, so that they can discuss them with their kids and be on the lookout for evidence of their use.
The following are the six most commonly used and abused drugs in the US today.
Hallucinogens, are one of the most commonly abused drugs. Popular hallucinogens include Ecstasy (also known as Molly), are perception- or mind-altering drugs.
When used, abusers see, hear and feel vivid colors, images, sounds and sensations that seem very real but which are not. During the high, users can experience temporary psychosis, and events and emotions that are traumatic and which last for long periods of time.
Short-term side effects include:
Long-term side effects are very serious as repeated use damages the brain. They include:
Other common hallucinogens include PCP, psilocybin mushrooms, mescaline, and peyote.
While heroin is technically an opioid, which has its own category below, it is listed here because of its stand-alone popularity as a commonly abused drug. It is It is a substance that naturally occurs in certain types of Asian poppy plants and is related to many prescribed opioid pharmaceuticals.
Heroin has many street names, including “Smack,” “Black tar,” “Junk,” “Horse” and “Ska.” It is often referred to as the King of Narcotics and is one of the most, if not the most, addictive drugs in the world.
Short-term symptoms of heroin include:
In addition to the many serious social consequences of continued use, such as dissolved relationships, imprisonment, loss of job, child custody, etc., There are also long-term physical and mental health consequences, including:
There are many other short- and long-term consequences, and it is clearly a very destructive substance. Deaths from heroin have jumped significantly, with more than 13,000 people dying from overdoses in 2016.
Many are at first surprised by this category, but depressants are basically sedatives and tranquilizers that are typically prescribed to enable sleep or to treat anxiety and these are some of the most commonly abused drugs in America.
Commonly abused pharmaceutical sedatives in this line include barbiturates, like phenobarbital, and sleep aids like Lunesta and Ambien. The tranquilizers are usually benzodiazepines, like Xanax and Valium, but muscle relaxers and other anti-anxiety meds are frequently abused as well.
The abuse of these types of drugs is somewhat newer in the realm of drug abuse and is on the rise. Some short-term side effects to look out for include:
Long-term side effects can include:
Because of how prevalent anxiety and insomnia have become, the pharmaceuticals are literally everywhere and all too easily accessible, especially to teens and young adults who suffer increasingly from anxiety.
Cocaine, one of the more well-known and commonly abused drugs, is a very powerful stimulant. For the user, it increases their sense of well-being, can lift their mood and increase alertness and energy.
Cocaine has many street names, including “Coca,” “snow,” “blow,” “Charlie,” “flake,” “rock,” “candy,” and others.
There are many dangerous side-effects to cocaine use, including:
Cocaine does seem to be on the rise yet again. In 2012, there were approximately 1,800 first-time users a day from the ages of 12 and up.
Opioids are drugs created from poppy, or synthetic versions of such substances, used to alleviate pain.
Prescription drugs are the most commonly abused drugs in the form of an opioid. Prescription drug abuse is a problem that has significantly increased in the last decade or so, when both doctors and pharmaceutical companies became a bit too eager to prescribe large quantities to patients suffering injury or pain.
For those who use it purely for its high, it creates a euphoric experience along with increased excitement. But even for those who are legitimately prescribed the medication, they can easily become addicted and dependent on the pain-relieving and numbing effect.
The prescription of these powerful, addictive drugs is becoming more regulated and restricted, but the rate of abuse is still extremely high.
Legalization of medical and even recreational marijuana in certain states has led many to the false assumption that marijuana is safe. However, this is not at all true for young users.
Marijuana, also known as grass, Mary Jane, weed, reefer, kif, and numerous other names, is composed of dried leaves, seeds, stems, and flowers of Cannabis. It is the most commonly abused illicit drug (in the states where it is still illegal).
Studies have now shown that especially on those under the age of 21, the use of marijuana wreaks permanent damage on the brain, specifically on memory and learning functions, and can actually reduce the size of the areas of the brain responsible for these functions.
Key symptoms to keep an eye out for include:
If you or a loved one are suffering from addiction to a substance, whether one of the above, or even to alcohol, or some other substance, seeking help from a larger, well-trained support system is your best option.
SOBA New Jersey’s Addiction Treatment Center applies a holistic approach to any addiction, understanding that there are many factors which lead to substance abuse. Don’t try to fight this battle alone.
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