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Cocaine Addiction Treatment: A Cocaine Detox and Recovery Guide

Are you a young adult who is abusing cocaine in New Jersey?

If you’re a parent with a loved one who has a cocaine use disorder, you’ve probably tried to help them quit already. Have you considered cocaine addiction treatment?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), cocaine is involved in almost 1 in 5 overdose deaths. In the last decade, the percentage of Americans who report current cocaine use has changed little. The number stands at around 2% of the US population or about 5 million cocaine users.

If you or a loved one are fighting a losing battle against cocaine, you need to consider addiction treatment services before it’s too late.

We’re going to tell you what cocaine addiction looks like and the steps to take for a  successful recovery. Read on!

Cocaine Addiction

Of the 2% of Americans who used cocaine in the past year, how many of them were addicts? The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) found that 0.7% (250,000) of people aged 18-25 had a cocaine use disorder. In the 26 and older bracket, this number stood at 0.3% (756,000 people).

The statistics above suggest that about half of those who use cocaine end up addicted. The addiction potential of cocaine is strong. 

Although cocaine is legal as an anesthetic, its use is limited due to its potential for addiction. Its recreational use is prohibited by law, and the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) classifies cocaine as a Schedule II narcotic. This category is for drugs, substances, or chemicals with a high potential for abuse, which could cause severe psychological or physical dependence.

Signs of cocaine abuse may be evident from drug paraphernalia. Since cocaine can be used in a variety of ways there are a few things you might notice. White powder residue may be left on top of a hard surface, or you might see rolled up dollar bills.

If the drug is injected, needles may be present, or straws and spoons. Crack is the synthesized crystal or rock form of cocaine. The most powerful-high is achieved by injecting cocaine or smoking crack.

Drug dealers rarely distribute pure cocaine. Even in its white powder form, it’s estimated that the drug is usually cut 50/50 with another substance to maximize profit. This could be a harmless powdery substance like cornstarch or another drug like fentanyl.

Cocaine can be particularly dangerous when it’s mixed with another drug, especially alcohol or heroin.

Cocaine Symptoms

As a potent stimulant, cocaine induces a euphoric mood and energizes the user. The drug decreases the user’s appetite while making them feel hyper-alert.

Cocaine also causes sexual arousal and often results in risky encounters. The effects on the body of this powerful stimulant can increase the risk of HIV or Hepatitis C, especially when needle sharing occurs.

The visual appearance of a cocaine addict is often a thin figure, due to them neglecting to eat or sleep during binges. Someone with a cocaine use disorder may also have let their hygiene slide, and their dental health may be poor.

While the user may be extremely talkative and sociable while high, they are likely to experience mood swings. As the drug becomes more enjoyable than anything else, parts of their brain change, especially the dopamine “reward” mechanism. As a result, an addict needs increasing quantities of drugs to feel high and loses enjoyment in everything they once found rewarding.

Because cocaine becomes the center of their world, they may steal to afford their habit. They may also withdraw from work, school, or family life. Often, they will stop taking care of their basic needs and can quickly end up homeless.

Cocaine Withdrawal

Cocaine overdose can cause kidney damage, stroke, seizures, and death, so look out for the warning signs:

  • Chest pain
  • Enlarged pupils
  • Confusion and tremors
  • Elevated temperature or heart rate/pressure
  • Hyperactivity or muscle damage
  • Mental agitation or psychosis

When coming down from a high, the cocaine user feels the opposite of its pleasurable effects. This is known as “crashing,” a state of anxiety, confusion, and paranoia.

Users who are withdrawing from cocaine may be irritable and suffer insomnia. Depression is also a common side effect of withdrawal. Suicidal thoughts and self-harm can also occur, so supervision during withdrawal is necessary.

It can take 5-10 weeks after the last use of cocaine for cravings and symptoms of withdrawal to subside.

Cocaine detox is best carried out in a supervised and supportive environment. Although withdrawal from cocaine is not as medically dangerous as alcohol or heroin, the temptation to relieve symptoms with the drug is just as strong.

Cocaine Addiction Recovery

The best treatment for cocaine addicts is a facility with 24/7 support staff. This is because it’s not so easy to relapse as in an outpatient program, and the triggers of addiction are easier to avoid.

What happens in cocaine rehab? Often in therapy, “motivational interviewing” is used to show the addict how cocaine impedes their goals and harms their relationships. Contingency management is another technique that rewards sobriety goals using the same dopamine pathways that were hijacked by cocaine.

Community reinforcement builds a support network that might include cocaine addiction counseling. New skills and training may also be available to rehabilitate the patient. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is frequently used to change the thought patterns that support destructive addictions.

The main benefits of cocaine addiction treatment are support, structure, and clinical care. The goal is to give the patient tools that will outlast their stay and enable a full recovery. Exercise, relaxation techniques, and therapy are all cornerstones to treatment that will help you avoid a relapse.

Cocaine Addiction Treatment

We’ve shown that cocaine addiction treatment can save an addict from serious health risks and even death. Don’t mistakenly believe that you can control a cocaine addiction on your own.

If you’re a young adult, or a parent looking for addiction treatment services, we can help. We are a drug rehab and mental health treatment center in NJ, and we provide a comprehensive path to recovery from substance use disorders.

Contact us today to get started.

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