One thing all parents worry about is whether their child is addicted to drugs. With the media full of stories about how more teenagers than ever are using marijuana and its derivatives, it’s no wonder parents are concerned. If you think your son or daughter might have a drug problem, here are some signs to look for and some of the ways in which you can address the situation.
Is He/She Addicted? – The Five Signs of Marijuana Addiction
It can be difficult to know whether your child has a marijuana addiction. However, there are a few signs to look for. Many signs of marijuana abuse are quite subtle. But, if your son or daughter is displaying several of the following signs, it’s possible he or she could be using the drug.
- Red and bloodshot eyes
- Noticeably slow movements and increased lethargy
- Increased appetite and increased snacking
- Increased sociability and chatter
- Euphoria and unwarranted laughter
- Lack of motivation, or activity
As you can see, these signs are quite vague, and many teenagers display these signs without being addicted to cannabis. However, if your son or daughter is showing more than one of these signs, there is a possibility he or she could be abusing the drug.
Marijuana Effects on the Brain
There have been several recent studies into marijuana’s impact on the brain. Although the results have been mixed for adult users, the evidence strongly points toward a severely detrimental effect on teenage brains. When cannabis use starts during adolescence, the impact on the brain’s development can be significant, including a reduction in brain activity, a smaller hippocampus–the area of the brain that controls memory and learning functions, and fewer neural fibers in specific areas.
Live Science cites a 2014 study by Northwestern University’s Northwestern Medicine into teenage marijuana users in which the brain’s memory-related structure appeared to reduce in size. These abnormalities were still detectable after the teen had been drug-free for two years. This suggests cannabis can have a long-term effect on users. However, people who began using the drug after the age of 21 usually do not display these brain abnormalities, implying the younger the user is, the more damage that occurs. A 2016 study by the University of Montreal demonstrated that young people who began smoking cannabis at 14 performed more poorly on cognitive tests than teens of the same age who were nonusers. The National Institute for Drug Abuse quotes a study carried out in New Zealand that proved persistent marijuana use through adolescence is linked to a loss of up to eight IQ points when measured during adulthood. People who use marijuana for an extended period often report problems with memory, thinking clearly, organizing their thoughts, and multitasking. Some individuals who use the drug for a long time also have slower reaction times.
Marijuana Addiction Statistics
With around half of all teenagers misusing drugs at least once in their lifetime, it’s important for parents to know the statistics regarding the use of marijuana among adolescents. While cannabis use among the teenage population is believed to be more common than the use of alcohol, many parents never consider the possibility of their child using marijuana. There are also now a few misconceptions surrounding this drug. Medical marijuana use is becoming more widespread and several states have legalized its use for both medical and recreational purposes. This has led many parents to believe it is harmless. Yet, when it comes to teenagers’ developing brains, the evidence is clear: marijuana can be extremely harmful.
Here are some statistics to help you to understand marijuana use in teenagers today:
- Children who use cannabis before the age of 12 double the risk of experiencing a severe mental illness when compared with those who first used the drug when they were 18 or older.
- Around a fifth of high school seniors use cannabis in any given month.
- About 19 percent of teenager drivers have admitted to driving after using marijuana.
- Cannabis accounts for 17 percent of all admissions to treatment facilities in the United States.
- Around 1 in 6 people who begin using cannabis as a teenager become addicted to the drug.
- Girls between the ages of 14 and 15 who use cannabis every day are five times more likely to suffer from depression at the age of 21.
Marijuana Use and Harder Drugs
As more states legalize the use of marijuana for either medical or recreational purposes, it’s no surprise many parents are worried its use could lead teenagers to use harder drugs, such as cocaine or heroin, in the future. Marijuana is often described as a Gateway Drug, and while the truth is many teenagers who smoke cannabis never use another drug, some do. The Verywell website says most high school students who use hard drugs originally started off using marijuana.
There are three theories why some teenagers who use cannabis often move on to harder drugs.
- When teenagers begin using cannabis while their brain is still under development, its reward system is altered, which makes the idea of using other drugs more appealing. Research carried out in animals proves that being exposed to marijuana at an early age makes the use of opiates more pleasurable.
- Marijuana users are much more likely to be in an environment where they are surrounded by other people who sell and use other drugs, which increases the temptation to test them out.
- Cannabis is often easier to get than other drugs, and that’s why teenagers who are at a higher risk of becoming a substance abuser often turn to marijuana first.
Evidence has shown that when teenagers use cannabis in conjunction with tobacco and alcohol, there is a much higher chance of moving on to harder drugs. A study from Columbia University’s Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse revealed that children who use all three substances are 266 times more likely to use cocaine than those who used none of these gateway drugs. Young people who used all three were 77 times more likely to become a cocaine user than those who used just one.
How to Talk About Marijuana with Your Young Adult
If you’re worried about your child and cannabis use, it can be difficult to know how to raise the subject with him or her. However, Partnership for Drug-Free Kids suggests if you can have an open and frank discussion about the drug, it’s the best way to help teenagers to avoid the perils of addiction. The key to talking to your young adult about cannabis use is to first set the stage and be in the right frame of mind for the conversation to be effective. Here are some helpful tips on how to get started:
- Maintain an open mind. If your teen feels condemned or judged, he or she won’t be receptive to your message. If you project openness and objectivity, you will have a better chance of having a productive discussion.
- Put yourself in your child’s shoes. Think about how you would want to be spoken to about this difficult topic. Try to think about how you felt during your teenage years and use that experience to talk to your child in a more appropriate manner.
- Have a clear idea of what you need to get out of the conversation.
- Have a relaxed and calm demeanor. If you approach the discussion with panic or anger, you won’t achieve your goal.
- Have a positive attitude. Using scare tactics is going to be counterproductive. You should aim for understanding, respect, and curiosity.
- Avoid lecturing your child. He or she will probably tune you out, shut down or get angry.
- Choose somewhere comfortable, casual, and spontaneous. If you announce you’ll be having a formal, sit-down discussion, you’ll both be a lot more anxious.
- Have an awareness of your body language. Try to maintain a relaxed posture with your legs uncrossed and avoid finger pointing or crossed arms.
What to Do When Marijuana Addiction Is a Problem
If you discover your child is addicted to marijuana, you will no doubt be extremely worried, and you may wonder what steps to take next. While many parents try to address the issue within the family, sometimes a little more guidance and professional support are necessary. The good news is you don’t need to cope on your own. There are many organizations that can offer support and advice to parents in this situation, and, in turn, you can offer your own support to your son or daughter as he or she seeks treatment for his or her addiction.
If tackling the situation within the family doesn’t work, you should look for an experienced teen therapist who has a good understanding of addiction problems so your child can start on drug counseling. This is especially effective if your teen is using marijuana but is not yet addicted. While counseling may not come cheap, it’s worth it if you child is steered back onto the right path.
If your teenager is already addicted to cannabis, outpatient treatment may be another option. These programs can help your adolescent to overcome his or her ambivalence to any change in behavior and can help to increase his or her motivation to quit. By providing your child with the skills to resist his or her craving and avoid temptation, as well as improving his or her problem-solving and conflict resolution skills, an outpatient program can help your teen to overcome his or her addiction while still being able to stay in education and remain at home with his or her family.
The treatments available for marijuana dependence have many similarities to the treatments available for other forms of drug addiction. While there are no medications that have been specifically developed for treating cannabis addiction, a professional facility can provide a supportive and safe place for young people to detox and overcome their problem. An inpatient rehabilitation treatment is one of the best solutions for those teenagers who need a comprehensive approach to treating their addiction. By offering intense, focused, and customized therapies, an inpatient facility, such as SOBA New Jersey, can help your child to gain more self-awareness and obtain a stronger control over his or her own drug-seeking behavior. By looking at the reasons behind your teen’s addiction and by supplying all the essential tools he or she needs to address these issues and manage his or her life more effectively, SOBA New Jersey can provide one-on-one individualized therapies, carried out by world-renowned experts, that are tailored toward the specific needs of young adults to help your child return to a normal and healthy life.
Addiction Recovery from Marijuana
Your teenager will not be able to recover from his or her addiction simply by stopping his or her drug use. Instead, your child needs to form a new way of living that makes it easier to stay clear of marijuana. SOBA New Jersey can help your teen to learn how to avoid high-risk situations by taking better care of himself or herself, avoiding people who are negative influences and learning to relax and find other forms of rewards that don’t involve using drugs. Coping skills are an essential part of marijuana addiction recovery, and as part of a customized and tailored program, your child will be able to learn how to manage stress more effectively and how to change negative thinking. By addressing the underlying issues that led to addiction in the first place, your teenager will eventually understand the reasons behind his or her marijuana use and will be able to use this knowledge to prevent a future relapse.
While it is difficult for parents to know where to turn when dealing with a marijuana-addicted teen, acting quickly is essential to prevent long-term problems for your child in the future. By getting involved with your child’s health and well-being, you can help him or her stay away from drugs and move on to a bright, drug-free future.